A bone graft is a surgical operation used to restore bones by transferring healthy bone tissues from other people. This surgery may be required if bones do not mend properly after a fracture. The procedure is minimally invasive, and most patients finish the procedure as an outpatient. The four most prevalent reasons for bone grafts are numerous fractures that don’t mend adequately; fusion to help two bones heal in a broken joint; bone regeneration after disease or injury; and bone regeneration after the installation of implantable implants such as joint replacement.
Common Types of Bone Graft
Different types of bone grafting surgery exist. They include:
- Allograft: This procedure uses another person’s bone tissue (donor). To assure the recipient’s safety, the donor bone tissue is cleansed and processed (sterilized). This graft is commonly used in spinal fusion surgery. It serves as a foundation for the development of healthy bone tissue.
- Autograft: A sample of the patient’s bone tissue is used in an autograft. The tissue is usually derived from the top of the hip bone (iliac crest). To retrieve the bone tissue, the surgeon creates an incision. The advantage of utilizing your tissue is that it enhances the likelihood of successful fusion; nevertheless, the proportion of bone tissue that can be taken is restricted.
- Bone Marrow Aspirate: Marrow is a spongy material found within bones. It includes stem and progenitor cells, which can aid in the healing of bone fractures. The surgeon extracts bone marrow from the hip bone using a needle (iliac crest). The bone marrow aspirate can be used alone or in combination with other bone transplants to improve bone repair after allograft surgery.
- Synthetic Bone Graft: This transplant uses synthetic materials derived from various porous components. Some include proteins that aid in bone formation.
Reasons to Opt for Bone Grafting Surgery
- Restoration: Bone grafts enable doctors to rebuild bone mass and other structures, allowing patients to avoid additional surgical treatments.
- Successful Bone Healing: The presence of bone-growing cells in the transplant raises the chance of effective bone repair.
- Low Risk of Infection: Bone grafting eliminates the danger of disease transmission and infection.
What Happens After Bone Graft Surgery
After bone graft surgery, the transplant material integrates with adjacent bone tissue over time. This procedure might take several weeks or up to a year. Your recovery time is determined by the location and size of the bone transplant. Other considerations include your age and health history.
If you’ve had a fracture that has been slow to heal, consider getting bone graft surgery. Give us a call today at SurGenTec to learn more about these bone replacements. We’ll be happy to talk to you about these different options!