What do Patients Need to Know About Bone Grafting And Graft Delivery?

24 Jun 2019

If you sustain bone damage as a result of a serious injury, your doctor may recommend having your bone rebuilt using a bone graft. If this is the first time you are interacting with this term, we will do our best to explain what it is, the types of the graft to expect the reason to get one, risks involved and best recovery practices you need to observe.

What Does Bone Graft Mean?

This is a procedure used in bone repair or to fix bone and joint problems. Your bones could be damaged by trauma, or you may have an issue with growing bones, especially around an implanted device such as a knee replacement. Graft delivery is used to deliver a graft on the affected area using devices for a bone graft. The bone used to repair the fracture can come from your body, a donor, and in some cases, a synthetic bone may be used.

What Types Of Bone Graft Are Available?

There two types of bone grafts available. Allograft bone grafting method uses bones from a deceased donor. This method also used a cadaver that has been thoroughly cleaned and well stored in a tissue bank. On the other hand, autograft used bone extracted from your body, such as your ribs, pelvis, or wrist.

The type of graft and graft delivery system your surgeon will recommend will highly depend on the kind of damage being repaired. If your injury is on your hip, for instance, your surgeon may recommend using allograft. Allograft will also be used in knee and long bone reconstruction procedures. In this case, you will not need additional surgery before your actual bone graft procedure.

If your surgeon decides to use synthetic bone for the surgery, they will recommend bone graft manufacturers they trust who use the best bone grafting technology. The allograft comes with another advantage. The tissue being introduced does not contain any living organisms which lowers the risk levels of infection. There is also no need to match blood types between you and your potential donor.

Why You May Get Bone Grafting

Bone grafting is generally recommended when a bone is injured. But to be a little more specific, it is used in cases where your bone has multiple fractures or parts that are usually hard to heal. You may also need graft delivery if you have two bones that need to be fused, such as on your spine. Fusion can help your two bones heal together across a diseased joint.

If your bone has been lost through disease, infection, or injury, your surgeon will recommend regeneration, which is using small amounts of bone to rebuild the lost bone. Sometimes, all you need is a disc replacement, a few screws, or a joint replacement. In this case, a graft will be used as a healing aid for your bone.

Are There Any Risks Associated With Bone Graft?

Surgery generally comes with risks and graft delivery is no different. Pain and swelling are standard, and your doctor will recommend pain management medication for you. You may also experience some inflammation, and your graft may be reabsorbed. To get an in-depth understanding of these risks, speak to your doctor about them and ask as many questions as you need to gain an understanding of how any of these risks apply to you.

Best Recovery Practices

Recovery is highly dependent on the size of the graft and other variables. You must keep away from vigorous activities that could strain your bone during this time to heal properly. You must also elevate your leg, which is crucial in helping you avoid swelling. Exercise the muscles that were not affected by the surgery to keep them healthy and active.

At least 6.8 million people use assistive devices to aid them in mobility in the United States. Getting a bone graft may be the step towards helping you keep your bones healthy and functional.