Bone graft surgery has become a useful practice in the medical field. A bone graft surgery is when bone is taken from one place in the body and transplanted into a new area by a specialized bone graft delivery device to help heal bone in an inflicted area. Bone graft can either be taken from the patient themselves, a cadaver, or by artificial means. If the patient is donating their own bone graft, the bone graft surgery typically consists of two incisions: the inflicted area and the area the bone graft will be taken from. Once the incision is made, a bone graft delivery device collects bone graft from the hips, legs, or ribs. There are four common reasons a bone graft may be needed to assist in the healing process.
- Healing Fractures: Breaking bones is certainly not fun, but a fracture can be just as painful. Bone graft may assist the healing process of a fracture by filling in the gaps the fractures cause. One always hopes a fracture will be a simple fix, but it is not uncommon to insert bone graft to help redirect how the fracture heals. Almost like filling in a cut on your hand with superglue, bone graft helps fill the broken line until it fully heals.
- Bone Regeneration: If a bone undergoes a full break or the person is subject to a bone disease, a bone graft surgery may be the strongest hope for recovery. Healing begins immediately when a bone breaks. Similar to the bone graft’s use in a fracture, bone graft bridges the gap between the broken pieces. In cases where a person has a bone disease such as osteonecrosis (bone loss) or bone cancer, the bone graft may be essential to acting in place of the missing or disappearing bone.
- Fusion Across a Damaged Joint: When a joint is damaged, it may be inflamed and heal improperly. The surrounding bone can be subject to failed healing as well. By using bone graft, a bone graft surgeon can place a framework around the joint directing how the bone graft heals allowing the bone to still heal properly across the joint.
- Healing After Implantation of Medical Devices: Many times surgeries require manipulating the bones around them. A joint replacement may require bone graft to help heal the bones correctly. Another common surgery that uses bone graft is spinal fusions. These require metal rods and screws to be placed on either side of the spine. In this specific case, often the tips of the vertebrae are shaved down and the bone graft is used to fill in the area around the rods. This helps hold the rods in place while promoting bone growth around them.
Modern medicine has made good use of bone graft when it comes to healing fractures, breaks, regenerating bone, and solidifying medical devices. Most of the time, bone graft is taken right from the patient, but other means are certainly viable. A trustworthy bone graft delivery device ensures the right amount taken and the right amount delivered to the inflicted space.