How To Choose the Best Material For Your Bone Graft Delivery Device
09 Apr 2020
Bone graft surgery can be an excellent treatment to replace missing teeth, facilitate the formation of bone, and promote the healing process for wounds. The most common reasons people receive bone grafts are for multiple fractures not healing properly, fusing bones across a damaged joint, healing bones after joint replacement, and bone replacement after injury or disease. Choosing the right material for this routine and painless bone repair procedure can be daunting with the overwhelming array of options. How can you know which one to choose? Here’s how to choose the best material for your bone graft delivery system.
Ideal Bone Grafting Requirements
In order for a bone graft delivery system to be successful, four factors are required. There must be enough osteoblasts present in order to create new bone or it will fail. Sufficient blood supply is crucial for clot formation to serve as an anchor for the osteoblasts and cell viability. The bone graft delivery must be stable to avoid any disruption in the blood clot and to prevent any fibrous tissue from filling the area. There also can be no tension on soft tissue.
Three biological mechanisms help to heal and form new bone after bone graft delivery has taken place. Osteoconductive material behaves like a scaffold for new bone to grow from the native bone.
bone graft delivery system. Osteoinductive materials stimulate blood supply cells from adjacent bone to start new bone formation. Osteogenic materials supply viable osteoblasts.
Bone Graft Classifications
An autograft is a bone substitute taken from the patient’s own bone that is osteoinductive, osteogenic, and osteoconductive. Allograft materials are taken from human cadavers. While these materials are osteoconductive and osteoinductive, they don’t contain any osteogenic properties and may possibly transmit infectious diseases. Xenograft material originates typically from cows and pigs. This osteoconductive only material is deproteinized and demineralized to prevent an allergic reaction and disease transmission.
Alloplast material is synthetic and generally made using calcium phosphate-based ceramics. This osteoconductive material is most successfully used for periodontal reconstructive surgeries. It’s manufactured in a wide array of forms and properties. The most common materials used are hydroxyapatite, bioactive glass, tricalcium phosphates, and dicalcium phosphates.
Choosing the right material for your bone graft delivery system is vital to the health of your patient. When choosing your supplies, look for reputable bone graft companies that can guarantee the highest health and safety standards. By carefully weighing your options, you’ll be able to provide the top-notch medical care your patients deserve.
Guide To Dental Bone Graft Delivery
08 Apr 2020
Successful dental implants can be a welcome alternative to ill-fitting bridgework or dentures for patients with missing teeth. The devices for bone graft delivery are used to replace missing or damaged teeth with artificial ones that function the same as real ones. What exactly is involved with the surgery and post-procedure care and what are the costs? Here is a complete guide to dental bone graft delivery.
Dental Graft Delivery Procedure
The dental implant procedure uses bone augmentation to support dental implants with bone or bone-like materials in the jaw. Small bone repair grafts can be done by dentists during dental implant surgery. Extensive bone graft surgeries are performed by an oral surgeon, periodontist, or prosthodontist months before the dental implant work. In order to determine if bone grafting is necessary and what devices for bone graft delivery are to be used, a CT scan or full-mouth X-rays should be taken and analyzed.
Prior to bone graft surgery, the oral surgeon administers anesthesia to both the recipient and the donor bone sites. An incision is made at the recipient site and below the lower front teeth to expose the chin bone where a block of bone or marrow is removed. The area is then covered with a layer of bone substitute or tissue to prevent the gums from growing into the hole during the healing process. The block of bone is anchored in place at the recipient site using small titanium screws which are removed prior to the dental implant. If graft delivery material is taken from the shin or hip, the patient will need to be hospitalized for one to two days.
Post Procedure Care
The procedure can take four to nine months for recovery before dental implants can be placed. After the bone graft delivery surgery, a patient is administered pain medication, an antibacterial mouthwash, and antibiotics. They will need to avoid eating certain foods or putting any stress on the graft until it fully heals.
Dental Graft Costs
The cost for dental graft surgery depends on what devices for bone graft delivery were used. If an animal, synthetic, or cadaver bone was used, the bone augmentation will typically cost the patient around $250 to $1,100 for a single implant area. If the patient’s own bone is used, the costs rise to around $2,000 to $3,000 due to the expenses for two surgical sites, anesthesia, and hospitalization. The exact costs depend on the size and shape of the surgical area, the source material, and where the bone is harvested. Patients may have to pay around $50 to $200 for X-rays and $300 to $900 for CT scans.
Devices for bone graft delivery are highly effective to improve the oral structure of a patient’s mouth, especially for those who are unable to wear dentures. As with any surgery, there are risks and complications that the patient should be made aware of prior to this long process in order to achieve the best success. However, over 2 million patients are becoming more able to achieve healthy and beautiful smiles as the trend is moving from traditional bone grafts to improved bone graft substitute methods.