What You Need to Know About Bone Grafting Technology
10 Mar 2020
Emerging technology in the surgery field has risen in the 21st century. Technology has led to the production of surgical tools that have further eased surgery and made procedures that seemed impossible possible.
Statistics done by the U.S Bureau of labor indicate that there are 38,600 practicing surgeons in the U.S as of 2017. With the increase in emerging technologies for surgery, the number of surgeons will grow exponentially by over 5%.
One of these emerging technologies is bone grafting technology, a technique that oversees transplantation for bone repair. In this case, the allograft is bone tissue. It is worth noting that over 2 million bone graft surgery procedures have been successful.
Before we even delve into details, what is bone grafting? Read on to find out.
Bone grafting is the transplantation of a bone allograft or autograft to repair complex bone tissues. The procedure aims at replacing missing bones that are incredibly complex, posing as a health risk to a patient if not corrected.
This procedure is often successful for minor or acute fractures, with the risk being higher for compound fractures.
Types of Bone Grafts
The common types of bone grafts are allografts, synthetic bone, and autografts. The difference between the three is, an allograft is from a donor of the same species but genetically different. While an autograph is from the same patient.
On the other hand, a synthetic bone made by bone graft manufacturers is typically from hydroxyapatite and biocompatible naturally occurring substances. The substances need to be biocompatible to ensure the reabsorption of the graft by the body for regeneration purposes.
The type of bone graft surgery you’ll undergo depends on your surgeon’s advice and the kind of tissue your surgeon is repairing.
Who Should Undergo This Procedure?
Patients suffering from bone loss through diseases or bone damage should undergo bone graft surgery. Also, this technique provides structural support for implanted devices.
Cases where bone grafting is necessary include dental injury, minor and compound bone fractures, bone tumors, bone cysts, severe injuries, tooth decay, and diseased joints.
For this procedure, surgeons use a bone graft delivery system. An example of a bone graft delivery device is a bone funnel.
The specific method picked for transplanting bone grafts depends on the part of your body, age, and general health condition. Most surgeries associated with bone grafting are reconstructive or replacement surgeries.
The surgery involves an incision in the skin slightly above the fractured area. After the incision, your surgeon shapes the graft to fit in the incised area. The graft is then held in position by bone grafting delivery devices. The last step is stitching the incision.
After a procedure, the patient’s natural bone will regenerate growing around the bone graft. The graft then integrates with the bone and gets absorbed by the body. It takes at least three months for the graft to heal and six months for the natural bone to regenerate. However, most patients gradually resume their activities after two weeks of healing.
The recovery process depends on many variables from the size of the graft, your health condition, age, and other variables. However, to quicken the recovery process, avoid engaging in vigorous activities. Also, follow your surgeon’s instructions.
Benefits of Bone Grafting
Statistics indicate that the prognosis of this procedure is generally good, with patients showing the success of the surgery with minimal risks of complications.
Bone grafting in dental complications improves the function and aesthetics of crowns, dentures, and implants. It also eliminates any future bone loss problem.
In spinal surgery, bone grafting helps fix spine conditions through spinal fusion. Other surgeries that benefit from bone grafting technology include hip replacement surgery and shoulder surgery.
Bone grafting technology has proved effective in reconstruction, especially in the sports industry. Athletes can now undergo successful surgeries and reduce the risk of encountering career-ending injuries. Also, bone grafting has shaped the repair of a wide range of fractures.
How Graft Delivery Devices Can Repair Rotator Cuff Tears
05 Mar 2020
Rotator cuff tears are becoming increasingly common and the treatment can be challenging for orthopedic surgeons. Surgery failure rates can be up to 90% for large tears of multiple tendons. Bone grafting can increase the success of surgery by preventing retears from happening and promoting better recovery. Here’s how a graft delivery device can be used to repair rotator cuff tears.
How Does It Work?
A bone graft delivery device is implanted by either an open incision or by arthroscopic techniques. The type of graft that is used is an allograft from the skin of human donors. When implanted during outpatient surgery, it creates a scaffold bridge that reinforces the repair work as well as creating a framework for the patient’s own cells to repopulate. The bridge keeps the ball of the bone in your arm centered within the shoulder socket so you’re able to raise your arm over your head when it’s fully healed.
What Is The Recovery Process?
After the surgery is complete, many patients report an immediate reduction in pain levels and increased mobility. Patients are typically allowed to go home the same day while wearing a shoulder immobilizer sling. The patient is required to wear the sling for at least six weeks. They may take it off for a brief period of time for certain activities such as using a computer or taking a bath. Exercises and stretching may be prescribed to help speed recovery.
Patients can resume light activities around six months after their surgery. This recovery time is significantly longer than other injuries such as bone fractures, which take about two to 10 weeks to fully heal. Full healing from bone graft surgery for a rotator cuff can take up to 12 months. The graft requires this much time to fully incorporate with the shoulder joint before any heavy lifting can occur. You may or may not regain full range of motion but you will see significant improvement.
Using a graft delivery device for rotator cuff repair has shown significant benefits for patients with healing and the prevention of reinjury. It may also be able to prevent or slow down the development of arthritis over time. Individuals who are considering this bone repair procedure should consult with an orthopedic surgeon who can determine whether or not they would make a good candidate.