Guide To Bone Graft Surgery For Dentals Implants
14 Jan 2020
Bone graft surgery is often performed by the 38,600 dentists and surgeons in the U.S. to build up bones for new implants. This minor and painless medical procedure uses a bone graft delivery device to inject tissue into a patient’s mouth. Here is everything you need to know about bone graft surgery for dental implants.
There are several factors dentists consider when determining ideal candidates for bone graft surgery. Dentists look for good bone density around missing teeth to help in the healing process. Patients with autoimmune disorders are examined thoroughly before the procedure to ensure complications don’t develop. Infections from periodontal disease will need to be treated and cleared before a dentist uses a bone graft delivery device on a patient. Heavy smokers should not have bone graft surgery because it can lead to graft rejection and delayed recovery.
Bone Graft Delivery Types
There are three main types of bone graft delivery for dental implantation. Socket grafting may be used to fill a cavity left by a tooth lost to trauma or infection. The cavity is filled with graft material from a human donor into the socket to form a base for bone cells to migrate to. The patient can be ready for a dental implant in about four to six months after s socket graft.
Ridge augmentation helps restore the bone structure when too much bone loss has occurred and takes about six months to recover from. A sinus lift procedure can be performed when the upper jaw area is missing teeth. This procedure uses equine bone that can be added to a human donor’s bone to stabilize the jaw to hold new dental implants. Healing from this procedure can take anywhere from eight to 12 months.
Bone Graft Surgery Aftercare
Once the surgery is over, a patient is given antibiotics to stave off infection. Pain medication can be given as well, but most of the time it is unnecessary. A patient can use ice to help reduce swelling. How long it takes to heal depends on each patient’s natural healing process.
A bone graft delivery device can help patients prepare for future dental implantation. Patients should be made aware of all the pros and cons before deciding on bone graft surgery.
What You Need To Know About Bone Graft Delivery Substitutes
09 Jan 2020
The trend from using traditional bone grafts to implementing bone graft substitutes is rising in the U.S., according to a 16-year study of approximately 2 million patients. Bone graft substitutes have been around for a long time and scientific data has supported a number of benefits. While autogenous bone is still the best option, patients can see improved medical health from receiving synthetic alternatives. Here’s what you need to know about bone graft delivery substitutes.
Bone Repair Substitute Benefits
Synthetic bone grafting materials have numerous benefits for patients. There is an abundance of supply and are cheaper than recombinant proteins and demineralized bone. Bone graft delivery substitutes can also reduce injury, complications, and pain. Autograft synthetic agents are currently the most ideal option for patients.
Calcium Sulfate and Phosphate Products
Calcium sulfate-based products have a history of successful treatment for nonstructural voids and benign bone tumors. These products have fast resorption times of between four to eight weeks. Calcium phosphate substitutes are available in blocks, morsels, or injectable bioactive cements. Phosphates have better overall delivery flow than sulfates and can be injected into fractures easier.
Collagen based products were first developed and mixed with other ingredients to treat acute bone fractures. Studies have shown that they can fill voids from fractures in extremities, but their mechanical properties sometimes don’t perform well. However, coralline ceramics appear to be equivalent to the autogenous bone in regards to mechanics but they don’t reabsorb well.
Bone Substitute Mixtures
Synthetics have been mixed with antibiotics to treat infected fractures, revision total joint implants, and open fractures. Many surgeons are producing their own mixtures of growth factors and antibiotics in order to treat patients. Synthetic materials can be mixed with an autogenous bone to increase the bone graft’s volume. Ceramics can be added to support overall function. Adding demineralized bone can enhance the material’s osteoinductive potential and cells can be added using aspirated bone marrow.
Bone graft delivery substitutes can be used in a number of ways and can be highly beneficial for patients. Surgeons need to research the advantages and disadvantages of each type of synthetic material to determine which is most appropriate for the patient’s injury. New technologies for bone graft delivery systems are being developed every day and it’s important to keep up in order to provide patients with the best possible care.