Four Reasons for Bone Graft Surgery
25 Jun 2019
Bone graft surgery has become a useful practice in the medical field. A bone graft surgery is when bone is taken from one place in the body and transplanted into a new area by a specialized bone graft delivery device to help heal bone in an inflicted area. Bone graft can either be taken from the patient themselves, a cadaver, or by artificial means. If the patient is donating their own bone graft, the bone graft surgery typically consists of two incisions: the inflicted area and the area the bone graft will be taken from. Once the incision is made, a bone graft delivery device collects bone graft from the hips, legs, or ribs. There are four common reasons a bone graft may be needed to assist in the healing process.
- Healing Fractures: Breaking bones is certainly not fun, but a fracture can be just as painful. Bone graft may assist the healing process of a fracture by filling in the gaps the fractures cause. One always hopes a fracture will be a simple fix, but it is not uncommon to insert bone graft to help redirect how the fracture heals. Almost like filling in a cut on your hand with superglue, bone graft helps fill the broken line until it fully heals.
- Bone Regeneration: If a bone undergoes a full break or the person is subject to a bone disease, a bone graft surgery may be the strongest hope for recovery. Healing begins immediately when a bone breaks. Similar to the bone graft’s use in a fracture, bone graft bridges the gap between the broken pieces. In cases where a person has a bone disease such as osteonecrosis (bone loss) or bone cancer, the bone graft may be essential to acting in place of the missing or disappearing bone.
- Fusion Across a Damaged Joint: When a joint is damaged, it may be inflamed and heal improperly. The surrounding bone can be subject to failed healing as well. By using bone graft, a bone graft surgeon can place a framework around the joint directing how the bone graft heals allowing the bone to still heal properly across the joint.
- Healing After Implantation of Medical Devices: Many times surgeries require manipulating the bones around them. A joint replacement may require bone graft to help heal the bones correctly. Another common surgery that uses bone graft is spinal fusions. These require metal rods and screws to be placed on either side of the spine. In this specific case, often the tips of the vertebrae are shaved down and the bone graft is used to fill in the area around the rods. This helps hold the rods in place while promoting bone growth around them.
Modern medicine has made good use of bone graft when it comes to healing fractures, breaks, regenerating bone, and solidifying medical devices. Most of the time, bone graft is taken right from the patient, but other means are certainly viable. A trustworthy bone graft delivery device ensures the right amount taken and the right amount delivered to the inflicted space.
What do Patients Need to Know About Bone Grafting And Graft Delivery?
24 Jun 2019
If you sustain bone damage as a result of a serious injury, your doctor may recommend having your bone rebuilt using a bone graft. If this is the first time you are interacting with this term, we will do our best to explain what it is, the types of the graft to expect the reason to get one, risks involved and best recovery practices you need to observe.
What Does Bone Graft Mean?
This is a procedure used in bone repair or to fix bone and joint problems. Your bones could be damaged by trauma, or you may have an issue with growing bones, especially around an implanted device such as a knee replacement. Graft delivery is used to deliver a graft on the affected area using devices for a bone graft. The bone used to repair the fracture can come from your body, a donor, and in some cases, a synthetic bone may be used.
What Types Of Bone Graft Are Available?
There two types of bone grafts available. Allograft bone grafting method uses bones from a deceased donor. This method also used a cadaver that has been thoroughly cleaned and well stored in a tissue bank. On the other hand, autograft used bone extracted from your body, such as your ribs, pelvis, or wrist.
The type of graft and graft delivery system your surgeon will recommend will highly depend on the kind of damage being repaired. If your injury is on your hip, for instance, your surgeon may recommend using allograft. Allograft will also be used in knee and long bone reconstruction procedures. In this case, you will not need additional surgery before your actual bone graft procedure.
If your surgeon decides to use synthetic bone for the surgery, they will recommend bone graft manufacturers they trust who use the best bone grafting technology. The allograft comes with another advantage. The tissue being introduced does not contain any living organisms which lowers the risk levels of infection. There is also no need to match blood types between you and your potential donor.
Why You May Get Bone Grafting
Bone grafting is generally recommended when a bone is injured. But to be a little more specific, it is used in cases where your bone has multiple fractures or parts that are usually hard to heal. You may also need graft delivery if you have two bones that need to be fused, such as on your spine. Fusion can help your two bones heal together across a diseased joint.
If your bone has been lost through disease, infection, or injury, your surgeon will recommend regeneration, which is using small amounts of bone to rebuild the lost bone. Sometimes, all you need is a disc replacement, a few screws, or a joint replacement. In this case, a graft will be used as a healing aid for your bone.
Are There Any Risks Associated With Bone Graft?
Surgery generally comes with risks and graft delivery is no different. Pain and swelling are standard, and your doctor will recommend pain management medication for you. You may also experience some inflammation, and your graft may be reabsorbed. To get an in-depth understanding of these risks, speak to your doctor about them and ask as many questions as you need to gain an understanding of how any of these risks apply to you.
Best Recovery Practices
Recovery is highly dependent on the size of the graft and other variables. You must keep away from vigorous activities that could strain your bone during this time to heal properly. You must also elevate your leg, which is crucial in helping you avoid swelling. Exercise the muscles that were not affected by the surgery to keep them healthy and active.
At least 6.8 million people use assistive devices to aid them in mobility in the United States. Getting a bone graft may be the step towards helping you keep your bones healthy and functional.