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When Does a Patient Need Bone Graft Surgery?

10 Jul 2020

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Bone grafting is necessary for the treatment of bone diseases and injuries. A patient may need bone grafting after sustaining major fractures that do not respond well to initial treatment. Bone grafts treat many people with spinal injuries and complex bone fractures. It is, therefore, critical for medical practitioners to ensure that they work with the best bone graft manufacturers to deliver quality treatment to their patients.

When Does a Patient Need Bone Graft Surgery?

1. To Replace Damaged Bones

Although bone fractures typically heal within two to 10 weeks, severe injuries will require a bone repair through bone grafting. In such cases, the surgeon removes a small piece of the patient’s healthy bones and inserts the bone on the fractured part. The bone cells from the inserted piece of bone will help heal the damaged bones. Consequently, the damaged bones are replaced by new stronger bones that develop in time.

Additionally, bone diseases such as osteonecrosis or cancer may need bone grafting. A bone graft will help contain the disease from spreading and also eliminate excruciating pain caused by bone diseases.

2. Fractured Bones That Didn’t Respond to Initial Treatment

A patient may have received treatment for bone damage that didn’t initially utilize bone grafting. However, the bones may not have responded to the treatment, and a bone graft has to be done to heal the damaged bones.

3. Spinal Fusion Surgery

Serious spinal cord injuries that damage two or more vertebrae of a patient’s spine may require bone graft surgery. Bone grafting enables the surgeons to permanently connect the damaged vertebrae and eliminate any movement between them. Spinal fusion surgery utilizes devices for a bone graft, such as the bone funnel, the cannula, and the syringe.

4. Dental Implant Surgery

Dentists also rely on bone grafting to replace missing teeth of a patient. The dental industry is a major benefactor of bone grafting as many people seek to replace their missing teeth with a bone graft. Bone grafting is common during the surgery for dental implants.

Bone grafting technology is advancing the use of bone grafts by making the process more patient-friendly through modern bone graft delivery devices. To perform bone graft surgery without any hitches, you should only trust the best bone graft manufacturers to supply you with a quality bone graft delivery system.

Main Types of Bone Grafts.

1. Allograft

Allografts comes from a donor who has since passed or from a cadaver. After a donor is deceased, the bones are extracted, cleaned, and stored in a tissue bank. Allografts are mostly used for long bone construction that includes arms and legs. They are also used for knee and hip replacement. Since allografts do not require additional surgery, there is little chance of infection, and the recovery time is less. Allografts do not contain living cells in their bone matrix. Hence, the donor and the recipient don’t need to have matching blood types. Additionally, this eliminates the chance of bone graft rejection and transferring bone diseases between from the donor to the recipient.

2. Autograft

Bones are extracted from a patient’s body parts such as the ribs, pelvis, hips, and wrists, and transplanted to the parts that have fractured bones. Autografts are commonly utilized for less-intensive bone graft surgery. Since the bones are extracted and transplanted on the same body, there is little chance of bone graft rejection. However, the patient has to undergo two surgical procedures, one for extracting the bones and the other for transplanting the bone.

Bone grafting is a necessary surgical procedure that aids in the treatment of bone damage and bone diseases. As bone grafting technology continues to advance, more practical devices for graft delivery are being invented and used by bone graft manufacturers. There are several risks involved in bone grafting that could be detrimental to the health of a patient. As such, you should only trust the reputable and experienced bone graft manufacturers to supply you with quality bone grafts.