Bone graft surgery is often performed by the 38,600 dentists and surgeons in the U.S. to build up bones for new implants. This minor and painless medical procedure uses a bone graft delivery device to inject tissue into a patient’s mouth. Here is everything you need to know about bone graft surgery for dental implants.
There are several factors dentists consider when determining ideal candidates for bone graft surgery. Dentists look for good bone density around missing teeth to help in the healing process. Patients with autoimmune disorders are examined thoroughly before the procedure to ensure complications don’t develop. Infections from periodontal disease will need to be treated and cleared before a dentist uses a bone graft delivery device on a patient. Heavy smokers should not have bone graft surgery because it can lead to graft rejection and delayed recovery.
Bone Graft Delivery Types
There are three main types of bone graft delivery for dental implantation. Socket grafting may be used to fill a cavity left by a tooth lost to trauma or infection. The cavity is filled with graft material from a human donor into the socket to form a base for bone cells to migrate to. The patient can be ready for a dental implant in about four to six months after s socket graft.
Ridge augmentation helps restore the bone structure when too much bone loss has occurred and takes about six months to recover from. A sinus lift procedure can be performed when the upper jaw area is missing teeth. This procedure uses equine bone that can be added to a human donor’s bone to stabilize the jaw to hold new dental implants. Healing from this procedure can take anywhere from eight to 12 months.
Bone Graft Surgery Aftercare
Once the surgery is over, a patient is given antibiotics to stave off infection. Pain medication can be given as well, but most of the time it is unnecessary. A patient can use ice to help reduce swelling. How long it takes to heal depends on each patient’s natural healing process.
A bone graft delivery device can help patients prepare for future dental implantation. Patients should be made aware of all the pros and cons before deciding on bone graft surgery.