Read this literature on the dangers of radiation exposure
"Orthopedists are increasingly reliant on radiographic imaging for our diagnostics and therapeutic work, thus putting our patients and ourselves in a vulnerable position."
"With Growing interest in minimally invasive spine procedures, there is a growing concern over the ionizing radiation exposureto the patient, operating room staff, and surgeon. Percutaneous pedicle screw placement is heavily dependent upon fluoroscopy guidance."
"The surgeon's hands are at marked risk for primary exposure and always should be kept out of the beam"
"Spine surgeons performing fluoroscopically assisted thoracolumbar procedures should monitor their annual radiation exposure. Measures to reduce radiation exposure and awareness of high-exposure body and hand positions are certainly called for."